Tuesday, 19 August 2014

Excess SALT

According to the studies the intake of excess salt may cause problem to you. Intake of excess salt can lead to death also because of high blood pressure.
77.9 million American ADULTS have high blood pressure.
Too much of salt can lead to muscle cramp, electrolyte disturbance which can cause neurological problems. Intake of excess salt with low amount of water can lead to water intoxication.
The effect of high salt consumption on long term health outcomes is controversial. Some associations include:
  • Stroke and cardiovascular disease.
  • High blood pressure: Evidence shows an association between salt intakes and blood pressure among different populations and age range in adults. Reduced salt intake also results in a small but significant reduction in blood pressure.
  • Left ventricular hypertrophy (cardiac enlargement): "Evidence suggests that high salt intake causes left ventricular hypertrophy, a strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease, independently of blood pressure effects. "...there is accumulating evidence that high salt intake predicts left ventricular hypertrophy."Excessive salt (sodium) intake, combined with an inadequate intake of water, can cause hypernatremia. It can exacerbate renal disease.
  • Edema: A decrease in salt intake has been suggested to treat edema (fluid retention).
  • Stomach cancer is associated with high levels of sodium, "but the evidence does not generally relate to foods typically consumed in the UK." However, in Japan, salt consumption is higher.
According to the studies 9 out 10 people consume too much of salt/sodium.

Low Body Temperature

Probably not. Although normal human body temperature is usually stated as 98.6 F (37 C) orally, it actually ranges from 97.5 to 98.8 F (36.4 to 37.1 C). Some people have temperatures in the 96 F range and feel fine. Your body temperature is not considered dangerously low until it is below 95 F (35 C).
Mild reductions in body temperature are often temporary and don't indicate a serious problem or condition. For example, your temperature normally is lower in the morning than in the evening. The most common cause of a lower-than-normal body temperature is exposure to cold. But occasionally, a low body temperature can indicate an underlying problem or condition, such as:
  • Underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism)
  • Diabetes
  • Adrenal gland insufficiency (Addison's disease)
  • Hypothalamus dysfunction
  • Liver failure
  • Kidney failure
  • Widespread infection (sepsis)
  • Excessive use of alcohol or illicit drugs
  • A side effect of certain medications, such as phenothiazines, barbiturates, opiates, clonidine, lithium and benzodiazepines
If your low body temperature persists, consult your doctor.

Low body temperature is also know as hypotermia.Basically it happens when exposure to low temperatures, and is frequently complicated by alcohol consumption.Any condition that decreases heat production, increases heat loss, or impairs thermoregulation, however, may contribute.Thus, hypothermia risk factors include: substance abuse (including alcohol abuse), homelessness, any condition that affects judgment (such as hypoglycemia), the extremes of age, poor clothing, chronic medical conditions (such as hypothyroidism and sepsis), and living in a cold environment.Hypothermia occurs frequently in major trauma, and is also observed in severe cases of anorexia nervosa.

Proper clothing can prevent Hypotermia.

Monday, 18 August 2014

ATHLETE's FOOT

Athlete's foot is a very common skin condition that affects the sole of the foot and the skin between the toes. It is usually a scaly, red, itchy eruption and occasionally may be weepy and oozing. It affects the feet of athletes and nonathletes alike. Although it is frequently caused by a fungal infection, other causes may be indistinguishable without proper testing.
The medical name for athlete's foot caused by a fungus is tinea pedis. There are a variety of fungi that cause athlete's foot, and these can be contracted in many locations, including gyms, locker rooms, swimming pools, nail salons, and from contaminated socks and clothing. The fungi can also be spread directly from person to person by contact. Most people acquire fungus on the feet from walking barefoot in areas where someone else with athlete's foot has walked. Some people are simply more prone to this condition while others seem relatively resistant to it. Another colorful name for this condition is "jungle rot," often used by members of the armed services serving in tropical climates.
Without the proper environment (warmth and moisture), the fungus may not easily infect the skin. Up to 70% of the population may develop athlete's foot at some time. An infection by athlete's foot fungi does not confer any resistance to subsequent infections.
CAUSE:-Athlete's foot is most commonly caused by the fungi Trichophyton rubrum or T. mentagrophytes,but may also be caused by Epidermophyton floccosum. Most cases of athlete's foot in the general population are caused by T. rubrum; however, the majority of athlete's foot cases in athletes are caused by T. mentagrophytes.

What does athlete's foot look like?

Most cases of athlete's foot are barely noticeable with just slightly dry, flaky skin. More extensive athlete's foot may look like red, peeling, dry skin areas on one or both soles of the feet. Sometimes the dry flakes may spread onto the sides and tops of the feet. Most commonly, the rash is localized to just the bottoms of the feet. The space between the fourth and fifth toes also may have some moisture, peeling, and dry flakes.
There are three common types of fungal athlete's foot: 
(1) soles of the feet, also called "moccasin" type;
 (2) between the toes, also called "interdigital" type; and
 (3) inflammatory type or blistering.
Occasionally, it may appear as small or large blisters of the feet (called bullous tinea pedis), thick patches of dry, red skin, or calluses with redness. Sometimes, it may look like just mild dry skin without any redness or inflammation.
Fungal athlete's foot may present as a rash on one or both feet and even involve the hand. A "two feet and one hand" presentation is a very common presentation of athlete's foot, especially in men. Hand fungal infections are called tinea manuum. Fungal athlete's foot may also be seen along with ringworm of the groin (especially in men) or hand(s). It is helpful to examine the feet whenever there is a fungal groin rash called tinea cruris. It is important to treat all areas of fungal infection at one time to avoid reinfection. Simply treating the soles and ignoring the concurrent fungal infection of toenails may result in recurrences of athlete's foot.

Treatments

Without medication, athlete's foot resolves in 30–40% of cases and topical antifungal medication consistently produce much higher percentages of cure. Allylamines such as terbinafine are considered more efficacious than azoles for the treatment of athlete's foot.

Medication

Conventional treatment typically involves daily or twice daily application of a topical medication in conjunction with hygiene measures outlined in the above section on prevention. Keeping feet dry and practicing good hygiene is crucial to preventing reinfection. Severe or prolonged fungal skin infections may require treatment with oral antifungal medication.Zinc oxide-based diaper rash ointment may be used.For temporary/emergency relief from symptoms in the field, after clearing dead skin and thoroughly drying the affected area skin moisturiser should then be applied until thoroughly absorbed to prevent affected skin from drying out and cracking or rubbing and subsequent infection.Excess moisturiser should be wiped off dry and periodically reapplied. Talcum powder can be used to absorb excess environmental moisture to inhibit the infection.

Topical

There are many topical antifungal drugs useful in the treatment of athlete's foot including: miconazole nitrate, clotrimazole, tolnaftate (a synthetic thiocarbamate), terbinafine hydrochloride, butenafine hydrochloride and undecylenic acid. The fungal infection may be treated with topical antifungal agents, which can take the form of a spray, powder, cream, or gel. Topical application of an antifungal cream such as terbinafine once daily for one week or butenafine once daily for two weeks is effective in most cases of athlete's foot and is more effective than application of miconazole or clotrimazole. Plantar-type athlete's foot is more resistant to topical treatments due to the presence of thickened hyperkeratotic skin on the sole of the foot. Keratolytic and humectant medications such as urea, salicyclic acid, and lactic acid are useful adjunct medications and improve penetration of antifungal agents into the thickened skin. Topical glucocorticoids are sometimes prescribed to alleviate inflammation and pruritus associated with the infection.
A solution of 1% potassium permanganate dissolved in hot water is an alternative to antifungal drugs.

Oral

For severe or refractory cases of athlete's foot oral terbinafine is more effective than griseofulvin. Fluconazole or itraconazole may also be taken orally for severe athlete's foot infections. The most commonly reported adverse effect from these medications is gastrointestinal upsetness.

Arrhythmia


Cardiac dysrhythmia (also known as arrhythmia or irregular heartbeat) is any of a group of conditions in which the electrical activity of the heart is irregular or is faster or slower than normal. The heartbeat may be too fast (over 100 beats per minute) or too slow (less than 60 beats per minute), and may be regular or irregular. A heart beat that is too fast is called tachycardia and a heart beat that is too slow is called bradycardia. Although many arrhythmias are not life-threatening, some can cause cardiac arrest.
Arrhythmias can occur in the upper chambers of the heart (atria), or in the lower chambers of the heart (ventricles). Arrhythmias may occur at any age. Some are barely perceptible, whereas others can be more dramatic and can even lead to sudden cardiac death.
cause
  • Normally, the heart's most rapidly firing cells are in the sinus (or sinoatrial or SA) node, making that area a natural pacemaker.
  • Under some conditions almost all heart tissue can start an impulse of the type that can generate a heartbeat. Cells in the heart's conduction system can fire automatically and start electrical activity. This activity can interrupt the normal order of the heart's pumping activity.
  • Secondary pacemakers elsewhere in the heart provide a "back-up" rhythm when the sinus node doesn't work properly or when impulses are blocked somewhere in the conduction system.
An arrhythmia occurs when:
  • The heart's natural pacemaker develops an abnormal rate or rhythm.
  • The normal conduction pathway is interrupted.
  • Another part of the heart takes over as pacemaker.

Wednesday, 13 August 2014

Dry Hair:

• Lack of oil and moisture in hair leads to dry hair
• Such hair, loses its shine and texture
• If neglected, one can suffer hair loss which leads to development of bald patches

Symptoms:-
  • rough and thin hairs.
  • hair fall
  • split ends
Causes:
  • • Exposing hair to sun for long
  • • Excessive use of hair dryers
  • • Staying in a dry air environment for long
  • • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Underactive thyroid
  • Malnutrition
  • Excessive use of blow dryers
  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Underactive parathyroid
  • Excessive hairstyling
  • Exposure to sun
  • Swimming in chlorinated water
  • Menses kinky hair disease
  • Lack of moisture in hair
  • Using excessive chemical treatments, like dye, relaxers, etc.
  • Using cotton pillow while sleeping
  • Dehydration
  • Skipping conditioners

Home Remedies for Dry Hair

1. Unboiled Milk
To heal dry hair, pour some unboiled milk in a bowl. Soak a cotton ball in the milk and apply it directly on hair and scalp. After one hour, wash your hair thoroughly.
2. Sesame Oil
Sesame oil is excellent nourishing oil. As it is rich in vitamins and minerals, it helps in strengthening hair and increasing blood circulation in the scalp. Simply mix one tablespoon each of root juice, lemon juice, and sesame oil. Apply this mixture on the scalp and hair. Wrap your head with a hot towel. After half an hour, rinse with shampoo.
3. Apple Cider Vinegar
To treat dry hair, apple cider vinegar is very effective. Instead of using expensive shampoos for hair, a simple pack or massage of apple cider vinegar works better. All you are required to do is to take out some apple cider vinegar in a bowl. With the help of a cotton ball, apply it on the scalp and hair. Rinse your hair after 5-10 minutes.
You can also use diluted apple cider vinegar. Mix apple cider vinegar and warm water in equal proportion. Apply it after shampooing your hair. It will work as a conditioner and will help manage your hair properly.
4. Eggs
One of the most used remedies for dry hair is egg yolk. Egg yolk works as a natural moisturizer and conditioner for dry hair. Mix two eggs with half cup of olive oil. Stir the mixture well and apply it directly on hair. Cover your head with a shower cap. Rinse after one hour.
To moisturize dry and rough hair, use egg whites. Separate white part of egg and damp it on hair. Leave it for 20 minutes and then, wash it off.
You can also add 2 tablespoons of coconut oil or olive oil in 3 eggs. Stir it well, adding one tablespoon honey. You can also put in a few drops of lemon juice in it. Apply the mixture on hair and scalp and cover with a shower cap. Wash it off with lukewarm water after 30 minutes.
Egg can also be used with yogurt. Just beat two eggs in half cup of full-fat yogurt. Add 1½ tablespoons of almond oil. Stir it well until it turns creamy. Massage your scalp and hair with this mixture. After massage, cover your head with a towel, and wash it off with lukewarm water after half an hour.
Prepare a mixture of three eggs, one tablespoon of olive oil, one tablespoon of vinegar, and one tablespoon of coconut oil. Stir it well, adding a few drops of rosemary essential oil. Apply this mixture on the head for 20 minutes and rinse it off with regular shampoo.
5. Coconut Oil
Coconut oil is considered to be a magical remedy for curing dry hair. For using coconut oil, you just have to massage some coconut oil on your hair and scalp. With the help of finger tips, massage your scalp. Leave it for the whole night. Rinse it off in the morning.
You can also use warm coconut oil.
6. Curry Leaves
Curry leaves are not just a good ingredient to add taste to your food, but also a useful remedy for the treatment of hair. Curry leaves are enriched with calcium, vitamins, phosphorous, and iron. Heat two tablespoons of coconut oil adding 5-6 curry leaves in it. Heat it for a few minutes and allow it to cool down. Apply it on the scalp and hair. Wrap a warm towel on the head for 15 minutes. This ayurvedic treatment will surely nourish your hair.
7. Yogurt
Yogurt is a natural conditioner for dry hair. It can be applied as a mask on hair. The moisturizing properties of yogurt help in curing dry hair. Add a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar and a teaspoon of honey in half cup of yogurt. Mix it and apply it on hair and hair roots. After 15 minutes, rinse your hair with warm water.

Sunday, 10 August 2014

EBOLA - A GLOBAL EMERGENCY

GENEVA, Switzerland - Nigeria became the latest country to declare a national emergency over the deadly Ebola virus on Friday, as the World Health Organisation called the epidemic that has claimed nearly 1,000 lives a global health crisis.
Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan ordered the immediate release of 1.9 billion naira ($11.7 million, 8.7 million euros) to fund the fight against the disease as Africa's most populous nation confirmed two more Ebola cases, bringing the total number of infections to nine -- including two deaths.
The WHO appealed for international aid to help afflicted countries after a rare meeting of the UN health body's emergency committee, which urged screening of all people flying out of affected countries in west Africa.
It stopped short of calling for global travel restrictions, urging airlines to take strict precautions but to continue flying to the west African countries hit by the outbreak.
And it called on countries around the globe to be prepared to "detect, investigate and manage" Ebola cases if they should arise.
Following the WHO declaration of the current Ebola outbreak as an international public health emergency, Health Minister Harsh Vardhan spoke about government initiatives to deal with the crisis and spread awareness in India. He said that the government is maintaining intensive surveillance to prevent the spread of the dreaded Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the country. He said there is no confirmed or even suspected Ebola virus-affected person in the country as of now.
Meanwhile, a control room with helpline numbers 23063205, 23061469 and 23061302 became operational from Saturday morning. A total of 30 calls were received during the day. The minister expressed satisfaction with the reaction of the general public to the awareness campaign launched by the government. ”Most of the callers to the helpline reflected a mature understanding of the collective responsibility in times like this. They wanted to know details about the symptoms and the preventive measures,” Harsh Vardhan said.

EBOLA VIRUS

How Do You Get Ebola?

Ebola isn’t as contagious as more common viruses like colds, influenza, or measles. It spreads to people by contact with the skin or bodily fluids of an infected animal, like a monkey, chimp, or fruit bat. Then it moves from person to person the same way. Those who care for a sick person or bury someone who has died from the disease often get it.
Other ways to get Ebola include touching contaminated needles or surfaces.
You can’t get Ebola from air, water, or food. A person who has Ebola but has no symptoms can’t spread the disease, either.

What Are the Symptoms of Ebola?

Early on, Ebola can feel like the flu or other illnesses. Symptoms show up 2 to 21 days after infection and usually include:
  • High fever
  • Headache
  • Joint and muscle aches
  • Sore throat
  • Weakness
  • Stomach pain
  • Lack of appetite
As the disease gets worse, it causes bleeding inside the body, as well as from the eyes, ears, and nose.  Some people will vomit or cough up blood, have bloody diarrhea, and get a rash.

How Is Ebola Diagnosed?

Sometimes it's hard to tell if a person has Ebola from the symptoms alone. Doctors may test to rule out other diseases like cholera or malaria.
Tests of blood and tissues also can diagnose Ebola.
If you have Ebola, you’ll be isolated from the public immediately to prevent the spread.

Saturday, 9 August 2014

Depression cause hiccups

Last month i had hiccups. I got through many test and ate many medicines but nothing happen. But last week i went to a physiatrist who gave me medicine for depression then after some days my hiccup went away. The doc. told me that sometimes when we are in depression our brain don't get relax because of which my hiccups start. So i came to know that Depression can cause many health problems.
I will suggest you some ways to fight Depression.

1)The best way to fight Depression is playing game because playing game distract us from our problem about which we are thinking.

SOME TIPS :-
  • Talk to one person about your feelings.
  • Help someone else by volunteering.
  • Have lunch or coffee with a friend.
  • Ask a loved one to check in with you regularly.
  • Accompany someone to the movies, a concert, or a small get-together.
  • Call or email an old friend.
  • Go for a walk with a workout buddy.
  • Schedule a weekly dinner date.
  • Meet new people by taking a class or joining a club.
  • Confide in a counselor, therapist, or clergy member.
2) Exercise regularly and eat proper diet.
3)Try to enjoy every moment and be relax in every situation.
4)Try to be calm.
5)Ask some one for help if needed.

Depression can make a human very ill by mentally.